RETURN. BUT HOW? by A.M.Vasiliev, Academician. Part 1
Keywords: Russia, the Middle East, the United States, Turkey
At the beginning of the XXI century Russia, having overcome the worst consequences of socio-economic catastrophe of the 90-s of the last century, cautiously began «returning» to the Middle East. At the same time Moscow was taking into account the US dominance in the region and was doing its best to avoid any actions which could be regarded by the West as a confrontation.
Nevertheless even after September 11, 2001, the Russian-American cooperation has not developed. The Russian Federation was against the unjustified invasion of, the United States and its allies into Iraq, which plunged the country into the chaos of civil war. However Moscow was forced to recognize that the inevitable has occurred.
Unprecedented development has received the cooperation of Russia with the NATO country - Turkey in economic, social and cultural fields, as well as in some political and military issues. The crisis of 2015 in Russian-Turkish relations was yet to come.